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Zoroaster    Sudreh And Kusti

Persian prophet ZarathushtraThe founder of Zoroastrianism was the Persian prophet Zarathushtra also called Zoroaster, who lived about 8,500 years ago.

Zoroaster was born in about 6,400 BC In response to the prayers of Mother earth (Geusurra) to rid her of evil spirits. At the age of 20, he entered into solitude and spent 10 years in deep meditation. At the end of this, he had a communion with Ahura Mazda. In this communion he got the revelation of the Gaathaas, just like the Vedas were revealed to the Aaryans while they were in communion with God. He then preached to the people what was revealed to him and this religion came to be known as Zoroastrianism.

Like Hinduism, Zoroastrianism lays stress on the worship of Sun and Fire and performance of the Haoma ceremony. It believes that God is one - the wise Ahura Mazda is the creator and the nourisher of the Universe who resides in the heart of human beings as eternal righteousness and truth. The Lord uses his power to destroy evil and falsehood in the world. Good thoughts, Good Words, Good Deeds Humata, Hukhta and Huarshta are the main teachings on which the religion of Zarasthustra is based.

It lays stress on 5 virtues namely:-

1. Goodness 2. Concord 3. Peace 4. Charity 5. Holiness

The sacred fire symbolizes the most beautiful body of God. The physical fire is an outward symbol of inner fire. God is formless and so is the fire. Zoroastrians believe in the sanctity of Nature -

They believe that Nature is but a vast garment of God. Earth, Air, Light and Water are 4 Sacred Elements. Hence human beings should do nothing to Pollute Nature’s sanctity.

Zoroaster laid down seven steps called Amesha Spentas (for human beings to follow). They are –

  1. Faith in Ahura Mazda - Devotion to God.
  2. Cultivation of an innocent loving mind or Vohu-mano.
  3. Vohu-Mano enables man to distinguish between good & evil and guides him towards Asha (Good words & Good deeds).
  4. Under the influence of piety and benevolence man forms a good society.
  5. Good thoughts, words and deeds endow man with divine strength - i.e. a power to rule like a king (strong will) or shahervar.
  6. The consequence of the above four leads to perfection peace and equanimity (equal mindedness in joy and sorrow) i.e. Khordad.
  7. All this paves the path to ameretat i.e. ultimate happiness or liberation of the human soul.
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